Historical Overview of SICA

On October 14, 1951, as part of an extensive meeting of Central American Foreign held in the city of San Salvador, took place the signing of a document known as the Charter of San Salvador, which gave rise to the Organization of Central American States (ODECA). ODECA's first General Secretary was the Salvadoran Doctor J. Guillermo Trabanino. The first headquarters of the system was offered by the Government of El Salvador, and in 1956 it was established that it would be set in the city of San Salvador.

The photograph shows theCentral American Presidents reaffirmed when ODECA Headquarters in El Salvador, 1956

In the ensuing decade, ODECA played a key role in the process of Central American integration, achieving that issues such as the unification of traffic signal standards, educational programs -one of whose major achievements was the ODECA-ROCAP textbook series-, customs procedures, cultural policies, a Regime for Central American Integration Industries and a Central American Multilateral Free Trade and Economic Integration Treaty (signed in Tegucigalpa in1958) be dealt with in depth by a broad regional base of society and government circles (the latter two being direct antecedents of the General Treaty on Central American Economic Integration, signed in Managua on December 13, 1960, which gave rise to the Central American Bank for Economic Integration.

With a view to reinforcing the process of integration, the Central American governments signed in 1962 a Second Charter of ODECA, a document which, like the First Charter, continued to be referred to as "Charter of San Salvador".

On December 13, 1991, under the XI Summit Meeting of Central American Presidents, held in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, was signed the Tegucigalpa Protocol, which gave rise to the Central American Integration System (SICA) as a new juridical-political framework for all levels and areas of Central American integration, such as economic, social, cultural, political and ecological allowing for a comprehensive development approach for the region.

Guatemala 1955
Guatemalan President, Castillo Armas, raises a toast to celebrate the election of Dr. Jose Guillermo Trabanino as Secretary General of ODECA, accompanied by the Central American Foreign Secretaries, Mario Esquivel, Oscar Sevilla Sacasa, Esteban Mendoza and Domingo Goycolea.




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