Juridical Framework of SICA

The Central American Integration System and its instances are made based on the following treaties and protocols:

Tegucigalpa Protocol
On December 13, 1991, the Central American Integration System (SICA), was formed with the signing of the Tegucigalpa Protocol, which amended the Charter of the Organization of Central American States (ODECA) of 1962. This protocol embodies the new vision of Central America as a region of peace, democracy and development.

General Treaty on Economic Integration
On October 29, 1993 was signed the Protocol to the General Treaty of Central American Economic Integration (Guatemala Protocol), through which the parties committed themselves to achieve, on a voluntary, gradual, progressive and complementary way, the Economic Union of Central America. To this end was formed the Subsystem of Economic Integration, whose technical and administrative body is the Central American Economic Integration Secretariat (SIECA), which has its headquarters in Guatemala.

Treaty on Social Integration
On March 30, 1995 the Treaty on Central American Social Integration (Treaty of San Salvador) was subscribed , which organizes, regulates and structures the Social Subsystem, which comprises the social areas of action of SICA. It was formed to promote the coordination, harmonization and convergence of social policies among themselves and with other policies of Member States of SICA. It is headquartered in the offices of the General Secretariat of SICA.

Alliance for Sustaniable Development
On October 12, 1994 was formed the Alliance for the Sustainable Development of Central America (ALIDES), which consists of a comprehensive strategy for regional development covering four priority areas: democracy, socio-cultural development, economic development and sustainable management of natural resources and improving environmental quality.

Framework Treaty on Democratic Security
The Framework Treaty on Democratic Security was signed in San Pedro Sula, Honduras, December 15, 1995. Such an instrument instituted the Central American Democratic Security Model, which is based on democracy and the strengthening of its institutions and the rule of law; as well as on the existence of governments elected by universal, free and secret suffrage, and on the unrestricted respect for all human rights in the Central American States.

The foundations of the Model of Democratic Security include, among others, the strengthening of civilian power, the reasonable balance of forces, the safeguarding of individuals and their property, the eradication of violence, corruption, impunity, terrorism, and the fight against drug and arms trafficking.