Republic of El Salvador
Social Conditions

22% of the active population of El Salvador participates in the agricultural sector; 24% in the industrial sector, and 55% in commerce and other activities of the tertiary sector.

The formation of unions fostered workers' organization in 1950 with the exception of the agricultural workers. The main unions are: the National Union of Salvadoran Workers (Unidad Nacional de Trabajadores Salvadoreños - UNTS) and Federation of Unions (Federación Unitaria).

Education is free and mandatory for children of ages between seven and fifteen (primary education). Secondary education comprises ages between 16 and 18.

There are two public national universities and more than thirty private universities including Universidad Centroamericana (UCA).

Health and Welfare
The Salvadoran Social Security Institute was created in 1949 to provide assistance regarding health, accidents, retirement and death. The program, which covers most industry workers, is funded by the mandatory contributions of workers, employers and the State.
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