Republic of El Salvador

National Symbols

The National Flag is a rectangle with three horizontal stripes: The first and the third are blue and the middle one is white. By Legislative Decree of September 14, 1972, instructions were given that the official flag must be three meters long and one meter 89 cm. wide, with the coat of arms.

The same Decree mandates that the flag must be placed in public buildings and offices.

On national holidays, the flag must be raised at six in the morning and lowered at six in the afternoon.

The Law states that basic and middle school students must say the “Flag Prayer” in public ceremonies at school, on the first day of the school year, and on the first day of the school week, under the immediate supervision of their teachers.

El Salvador

Coat of Arms
OIt was officially adopted on September 15, 1912, along with the blue and white flag of the Federation. The Coat of Arms of El Salvador has the following features: an equilateral triangle; a group of mountains at the base of the triangle formed by five volcanoes bathed by two oceans. A rainbow in the upper part of the triangle; a bright red Phrygian cap under the rainbow, spreading rays of light. Above the light, a legend that reads 15 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1821, in a semi-circle. Surrounding the triangle, in golden letters, the words REPÚBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMÉRICA CENTRAL; and underneath, between the R and the L, a golden star. At the base of the triangle, the legend DIOS UNION LIBERTAD. On each side of the triangle, two flags, each with two blue bands and a white band in the middle interlocking at the center of the triangle base and a similar one in the upper vertex. The flagpoles end in a spear. It has two coffee tree branches in the shape of a circle ending at the top of the two upper side flags. Each has seven clusters.

The triangle means that all of us are equal before the law; the angles mean the three branches of the Government: Legislative, Executive and Judicial. The mountains represent the volcanic nature of our land and the five nations that form Central America. The two oceans represent the Atlantic and the Pacific which bathe the Central American coasts.

The rainbow is the symbol of peace. The Phrygian cap proclaims freedom and the rays of light that surround it the ideals of the Salvadoran people. The legend over the luminous space indicates the date of our political emancipation. Our condition as members of one single country - Central America- is expressed in the legend that surrounds the triangle. The words at the base indicate our belief in one Supreme Being, the harmony that must reign in the Salvadoran family and the principle of independence that rules our thoughts, words and actions. The five flags represent the five Central American nations.

The coffee tree branches indicate the glory that we must conquer in all the aspects of the human activity. And finally, the fourteen clusters represent the fourteen departments in which the Republic of El Salvador is divided.


El Salvador

   National Anthem of the Republic of El Salvador