Republic of China

Social Conditions

Education

Taiwan's teaching system based on the Constitution of 1946, has the purpose of applying the teachings of Sun Yat-sen. 93.7% of the population of 15 or older know how to read and write. Education is free and mandatory for all children between the ages of 6 and 15. By the end of the 1980s, approximately 2.4 million students enrolled in elementary schools and approximately 1.7 million students attended secondary schools and professional training centers. Additionally, Taiwan had more than 100 institutions dedicated to higher education with a total attendance of 464.700 students. Among the main education centers are the National University of Taiwan (1928) and Soochow University (1900), in Taipei; the Cheng Kung National University (1931), in Tainana; the Chunghsing National University (1961), in T'aichung, and the Central National University (1968), in Chungli.

Health and Social Welfare

He government promotes several social assistance and services programs. The health and retirement program covers the private sector workers and government employees are covered by a similar insurance. In 1995, Taiwan had approximately 27,500 physicians and more than 101,430 hospital beds.