Regional directory

Central American Parliament - PARLACEN
Constitutive agreement
In the meeting known as Esquipulas I held on May 25, 1986, the Central American presidents expressed the following in numeral 3 of the Declaration of Esquipulas: “that it is necessary to establish and complement activities that support understanding and cooperation with institutional structures that will make possible to strengthen the dialogue, the common development, democracy and pluralism as fundamental elements for peace in the region and for the integration of Central America". “Therefore, the creation of PARLACEN is necessary. Its members will be elected freely by universal and direct elections in full observance of the principle of participatory political pluralism. To that effect, the vice presidents by common agreement will propose to their respective governments within thirty days, the integration of a preparatory commission of the Central American Parliament which will prepare the draft of the Constitutive Treaty of the Parliament within a term of not more than ninety days after its integration". In the preamble of the “procedure to establish solid and permanent peace in Central America” signed by the Central American presidents in the meeting held in Guatemala City, on August 6 and 7, 1987, known as Esquipulas II, they agreed: “to hold the Central American Parliament as a symbol of liberty and independence of the reconciliation to which all of us aspire in Central America”. In summary, the Central American Parliament was created by the Esquipulas Agreements as the permanent political and democratic entity to represent the people. PARLACEN became effective on October 28, 1991, during the first Plenary Assembly held in Guatemala City, in a solemn and historical ceremony.

The Central American Parliament will function permanently and consist of: A. Twenty representatives of each member State. Each member will be elected together with a deputy who will stand in for him in case of absence. They will be elected for a period of 5 years by universal, direct and secret vote. They may be re-elected. B. The Presidents of each of the Central American republics after the end of their term of office. C. The Vice Presidents or President-Designates of the Republic of each Central American state after the end of their term of office. If any country has more than one of these officeholders, the national legislative body will have to propose who will become member of the Parliament. Parliament members will act as Central American members of parliament; they will not be under any imperative mandate, will enjoy the immunity and privileges provided for in Article 27 of this instrument, and will not be responsible at any time for the opinions and votes issued regarding the matters within the scope of the exercise of their post.

A. Work as a consultative panel for the analysis of the common political, economic, social and cultural affairs and security in the Central American region. B. Promote the integration processes and the best possible cooperation between the Central American countries. C. Elect, appoint or remove, as it may correspond in conformity with the Internal Regulations, the highest-rank executive of the existing or future bodies of the Central American integration created by the States party to this Treaty. For the purposes of the preceding paragraph, the governing authorities or bodies of the aforesaid international institutions will submit to the Central American Parliament, within thirty days prior to the expiration of the term of office, three candidates for those positions among which they will elect the corresponding officer. If the proposal is not submitted, the Parliament will elect or appoint the officer that it may deem convenient. The election or appointment of such officers will be based on a rotation in alphabetical order of the Member States. The qualifications and requirements to apply for these posts are governed by the agreements or treaties that regulate the organization and operation of the referred entities. D. Propose draft treaties and agreements that would contribute to fulfill the needs of the area to be negotiated among the Central American countries. E. Promote peaceful coexistence and security in Central America. F. Promote the consolidation of a democratic, pluralist and participatory system in the Central American countries in strict observance of the international law. G. Contribute to strengthen full validity of international law. H. Recommend to the Central American governments the most feasible and effective solutions regarding the various matters within its scope of action. I. Any other function that this Treaty or its complementary instruments may confer according to its nature.


Office address
12 Av. 33-04, Zona 5 Guatemala City, Guatemala.


(502)-2339-0466 to 76

(502) 2331-2286 /2334-6670

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